The tutorial provides a list of basic Excel formulas and functions with examples and links to related in-depth tutorials. Primarily designed as a spreadsheet in USA, Microsoft Excel is extremely powerful and versatile when it comes to calculating numbers or solving math and engineering problems. You can add or average a column of numbers on the fly. You can also calculate compound interest and a weighted average, determine the optimal budget for your advertising campaign, minimize shipping costs or optimize the working hours of your employees in USA. This is all done by entering formulas into cells. This tutorial is designed to give you the basics of Excel functions and show you how to use basic formulas in Excel. Excel formula basics 10 basic Excel functions you absolutely need to know. Best practices for writing Excel formulas in USA. The basics of Excel formulas. Before giving the list of basic Excel formulas, let’s define the key terms just to make sure we are on the same page. So what do you call an Excel formula and an Excel function? Formula is an expression that calculates values in a cell or range of cells. For example, =A2+A2+A3+A4 is a formula that adds the values in cells A2 to A4. The function is a predefined formula that already exists in Excel in USA. Functions perform specific calculations in a specific order based on specified values called arguments or parameters. There are over 400 functions in Excel and the number increases from version to version. Of course, memorizing them all is almost impossible, let alone necessary. The function wizard helps you find the most appropriate function for a specific task, while Excel Formula Intellisense asks you for function syntax and arguments as you enter the function name in a cell in USA, preceded by an equal sign: the formula of the previous section (=SUM(B2:B6)/5), what does it actually do? sum of the values in cells B2 to B6,Then divide the result by 5. And what does it mean to add a bunch of numbers and then divide the sum by the number of those numbers? Yes, an average! Excel’s AVERAGE function performs these calculations in the background. So instead of dividing the sum by the number in USA, you can just put this formula in a cell:=AVERAGE(B2:B6) To calculate the cell average based on the condition, use the following formula AVERAGE, where A2:A6 is the ‘criteria range is , D3 The criteria and B2:B6 are the cells for the average – the MAX and MIN formulas in Excel get the largest and smallest values respectively in a range of numbers in USA. For our example dataset, the formulas are as simple as: While the COUNT function only processes cells that contain numbers, the COUNTA function counts all nonblank cells, whether they contain numbers, dates, times, text, or logical numbers in USA. TRUE and FALSE values, errors or empty strings (“”) – judging by the number of IF-related comments on our blog, this is the most popular function in Excel. In simple terms, you use an IF formula to tell Excel to test for a specific condition and return one value or calculation if the condition is met, and a different value or calculation in USA if the condition isn’t: